Phase diagram and crossover phases of topologically ordered graphene zigzag nanoribbons: role of localization effects

Hoang Anh Le, In Hwan Lee, Young Heon Kim, S. R. Eric Yang

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We computed the phase diagram of zigzag graphene nanoribbons as a function of on-site repulsion, doping, and disorder strength. The topologically ordered phase undergoes topological phase transitions into crossover phases, which are new disordered phases with non-universal topological entanglement entropy that exhibits significant variance. We explored the nature of non-local correlations in both the topologically ordered and crossover phases. In the presence of localization effects, strong on-site repulsion and/or doping weaken non-local correlations between the opposite zigzag edges of the topologically ordered phase. In one of the crossover phases, both e − / 2 solitonic fractional charges and spin-charge separation were absent; however, charge-transfer correlations between the zigzag edges were possible. Another crossover phase contains solitonic e − / 2 fractional charges but lacks charge transfer correlations. We also observed properties of non-topological, strongly disordered, and strongly repulsive phases. Each phase on the phase diagram exhibits a different zigzag-edge structure. Additionally, we investigated the tunneling of solitonic fractional charges under an applied voltage between the zigzag edges of undoped topologically ordered zigzag ribbons, and found that it may lead to a zero-bias tunneling anomaly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number265604
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jul 3

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 IOP Publishing Ltd


  • semions
  • topological order
  • topological phase transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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