Phase field simulations of coupled microstructure solidification problems via the strong form particle difference method

Jeong Hoon Song, Yao Fu, Tae Yeon Kim, Yeong Cheol Yoon, John G. Michopoulos, Timon Rabczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the development of a strong form-based collocation method called the particle difference method (PDM), capable of predicting the spatiotemporal evolution of polycrystalline material solidification through coupling of multi-phase and temperature fields. Cross coupled phase field evolution and heat transfer equations are discretized via the PDM to obtain the interface kinematics of polycrystalline boundary during solidification. A distinct feature of the PDM is its ability to represent derivative operators via a moving least-square approximation of the Taylor expansion through point-wise computations at collocation points. The method discretizes directly the strong forms using the pre-computed derivative operators at each collocation point and elegantly overcomes the topological difficulty in modeling intricate moving interfaces. To verify the efficacy of the PDM, numerical results are compared with those obtained from the conventional finite difference method for uniform and irregular distributions of the collocation points. The scalability of the parallelized PDM is tested by measuring its efficiency with increasing the number of processors. We also provide a solidification simulation with two ellipsoidal inclusions to demonstrate the capability of the PDM in complex moving interface problems with high curvature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-509
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1


  • Microstructure
  • Phase field model
  • Point collocation
  • Polycrystalline
  • Solidification
  • Strong form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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