Purpose: To determine the safety and efficacy of gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with taxane resistant metastatic breast cancer. Patients and methods: Thirty-three taxane resistant metastatic breast cancer patients were treated with gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m2 IV infusion over 30 min on days 1 and 8, and with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 by IV infusion over 1 h on day 1 in 21 day cycles. Results: Of the 30 evaluable patients, there were 9 (30%) partial responses and no complete response, an overall objective response rate of 30%. Median time to progression and median survival duration for all study subjects were 7 (95% CI 5.1-8.9 months) and 15 months (95% CI 10.5-19.5 months), respectively. Toxicities included grade 3 and 4 leucopenia in 10 (30%), thrombocytopenia in 6 (18%), anemia in 2 (6%) and oral mucositis in 2 (6%). No grade 3 or 4 peripheral neuropathy, renal dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, or nausea/vomiting was observed, and no treatment-related deaths occurred. Conclusion: The described gemcitabine plus cisplatin combination was found to be an active and tolerable salvage regimen in patients with taxane resistant metastatic breast cancer.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgment This work was supported in part by the Brain Korea 21 Project and was supported by the Korean Health 21 R and D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (Grant no. 01-PG3-PG6-01GN07-0004).
- Metastatic breast cancer
- Taxane resistant
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)