Five-fold interpenetrated Zn(II) frameworks (1 and 2) have been prepared, and an irreversible phase transformation from 1 to 2 is found to occur through a dissolution-recrystallization process. Compound 1 exhibits the highest quenching efficiency (>96%) for nitrobenzene at 7 ppm among luminescent coordination polymers. Selective discrimination of nitroaromatic molecules including o-nitrophenol (o-NP), p-nitrophenol (p-NP), 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) is realized in 1 and 2 as a result of the fact that the framework-analyte interaction affords characteristic emission signals. This observation is the first case of a nonporous coordination framework for such discriminative detection. Notably, significant hydrophobicity is evident in the framework 1 because of its surface roughness, which accounts for the enhanced quenching ability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry