We review recent work on photonic-crystal fabrication using soft-lithography techniques. We consider applications of the resulting structures in energy-related areas such as lighting and solar-energy harvesting. In general, our aim is to introduce the reader to the concepts of photonic crystals, describe their history, development, and fabrication techniques and discuss a selection of energy-related applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Zhuo Ye thanks S. Chaudhary for discussions on OPVs. This work is supported by the Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy. The Ames Laboratory is operated by Iowa State University for the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-07CH11358.
- Light-emitting devices
- Photonic bandgap materials
- Soft lithography
- Solar cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment