Phthalate plasticizers in children’s products and estimation of exposure: Importance of migration rate

Du Yung Kim, Sa Ho Chun, Yerin Jung, Dana Fahad Mohamed Salman Mohamed, Hae Soo Kim, Da Young Kang, Jeong Won An, Seong Yeol Park, Hyun Wook Kwon, Jung Hwan Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Plasticizers are added to diverse consumer products including children’s products. Owing to their potential for endocrine disruption, the use of phthalate plasticizers is restricted in many children’s products. In this study, exposure to five phthalate esters (dibutylphthalate, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), diethyl phthalate, di-isobutyl phthalate, and diisononyl phthalate (DINP)) and an alternative (di-ethylhexyl adipate) was assessed by the use of children’s products based on chemical analysis of 3345 products purchased during 2017 and 2019 in Korea. Plasticizers were found above the detection limits in 387 products, and DEHP and DINP were the two most predominantly detected plasticizers. Deterministic and probabilistic estimation of the margin of exposure at a screening level revealed that the use of children’s products might be an important risk factor. However, it is also highly likely that the exposure could be overestimated, because the migration rate was estimated based solely on the content of plasticizers in children’s products. Chemical migration is a key process determining the absorption of plasticizers from products; thus, further refinements in experimental determination or model estimation of the migration rate are required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8582
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by Korea Environment Industry and Technology Institute (KEITI) through “Technology Development Project for Safety Management of Household Chemical Products”, funded by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) (No. 2020002970001, No. 1485017105).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Children
  • Consumer products
  • Exposure assessment
  • Migration
  • Phthalate esters
  • Plasticizers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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