Piezoelectric properties of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3-Pb(Ni,Nb)O3 ceramics and their application in energy harvesters

Tae Gon Lee, Ho Jun Lee, Sun Woo Kim, Dae Hyeon Kim, Seung Ho Han, Hyung Won Kang, Chong Yun Kang, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The piezoelectric properties of (1-x-y)PbZrO3-xPbTiO3-yPb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics were investigated. Specimens with a large Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 content, which have compositions close to the triple point, show small g33 and d33 × g33 values because of their large εT 330. These values increased with a decrease in y (amount of Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3) and the specimen with x = 0.39 and y = 0.29 showed the largest g33 of 43 × 10−3 V·m/N and d33 × g33 of 25.2 × 10−12 m2/N. Cantilever-type energy harvesters were fabricated using specimens with 0.38 ≤ x ≤ 0.41 and y = 0.29. The output power densities of the energy harvesters were related to the d31 × g31 × k31 2 value of the piezoelectric ceramics. The energy harvester fabricated using a specimen with x = 0.39 and y = 0.29, which has a maximum d31 × g31 × k31 2 value, showed the maximum output power density of 1.01 mW/cm3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3935-3942
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct


  • MPB
  • Pb(Zr,Ti)O-Pb(Ni,Nb)O ceramics
  • Piezoelectric energy harvester
  • d × g × k value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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