PolarScout: Wi-Fi Interference-Resilient ZigBee Communication via Shell-Shaping

Chenglong Shao, Hoorin Park, Heejun Roh, Wonjun Lee, Hyoil Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The prosperity of IEEE 802.11-based Wi-Fi networks aggravates cross-technology interference to IEEE 802.15.4-enabled ZigBee networks widely deployed to enable various Internet-of-Things applications. To make ZigBee communication reliable and robust even in a dense Wi-Fi environment, taming Wi-Fi interference in ZigBee networks especially from the perspective of physical layer is of paramount importance. In this context, this work takes aim to design a novel Wi-Fi interference-resilient ZigBee decoder called PolarScout, which separates collided ZigBee signal samples out of Wi-Fi interference to bootstrap ZigBee data decoding. Unlike several existing solutions which need clear signal preamble, tremendous signal strength difference between ZigBee and Wi-Fi, and Wi-Fi interference recognition in prior to ZigBee decoding, PolarScout aims at direct ZigBee decoding in a more generic and challenging case where Wi-Fi interference features a wide range of power levels and arises within a ZigBee packet at an arbitrary position. At the heart of PolarScout lies a subtle shell-shaping technique which harnesses a customized sample sequence to smooth the shell of corrupted signal samples. PolarScout then refers to the resulting shell to recover each contaminated ZigBee sample. Experimental results validate the superiority of PolarScout and its resilience to a wide range of Wi-Fi interference types.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9093147
Pages (from-to)1587-1600
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received March 10, 2019; revised December 22, 2019; accepted April 8, 2020; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor F. Dressler. Date of publication May 14, 2020; date of current version August 18, 2020. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) under Grant 2019R1A2C2088812. (Corresponding author: Wonjun Lee.) Chenglong Shao, Hoorin Park, and Wonjun Lee are with the Network and Security Research Laboratory, School of Cybersecurity, Korea University, Seoul 02841, South Korea (e-mail: wlee@korea.ac.kr).

Publisher Copyright:
© 1993-2012 IEEE.


  • Wi-Fi
  • ZigBee
  • cross-technology interference
  • physical layer
  • wireless coexistence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'PolarScout: Wi-Fi Interference-Resilient ZigBee Communication via Shell-Shaping'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this