Poly(acryloyl hydrazide)-grafted cellulose nanocrystal adsorbents with an excellent Cr(VI) adsorption capacity

Sang Hee Park, Seung Su Shin, Chan Hyung Park, Sungkwon Jeon, Jaegyoung Gwon, Sun Young Lee, Sung Jun Kim, Hyung Ju Kim, Jung Hyun Lee

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68 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we prepared poly(acryloyl hydrazide) (PAH)-grafted cellulose nanocrystal (CNC-PAH) particles via the atom transfer radical polymerization method for application to Cr(VI) adsorption. The closely-packed PAH chains grafted on the cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) surface provide a high density of amine groups that can adsorb Cr(VI) through strong electrostatic, hydrogen bonding and chelating interactions. CNC-PAH exhibited the optimum Cr(VI) adsorption capacity at the solution pH = 3, where its electrostatic attraction with Cr(VI) was maximized. Cr(VI) was chemisorbed in CNC-PAH by following the Langmuir isotherm mechanism (homogeneous monolayer adsorption). The Cr(VI) adsorption kinetics of CNC-PAH was controlled predominantly by intra-particle diffusion resistance imparted by the PAH shell layer. Thermodynamic analysis revealed that Cr(VI) adsorption of CNC-PAH is a spontaneous and endothermic process. Importantly, CNC-PAH grafted with the higher Mw (∼50 kg mol−1) PAH exhibited a rapid Cr(VI) adsorption rate and remarkably high Cr(VI) adsorption capacity (∼457.6 mg g-1 at 298.15 K), exceeding those of previously reported adsorbents owing to its numerous Cr(VI)-adsorptive amine groups provided by the closely-packed grafted PAH polymers. Furthermore, CNC-PAH showed excellent reusability to maintain its high adsorption ability during repeated adsorption–desorption cycles owing to the covalently binding nature of the PAH polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122512
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 15


  • Adsorbents
  • Atom transfer radical polymerization
  • Cellulose nanocrystal
  • Cr(VI) removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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