Polybenzimidazolium-based solid electrolytes

Dirk Henkensmeier, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Dong Hoon Lee, In Hwan Oh, Seong Ahn Hong, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


A series of methyl, benzyl, and mixed polybenzimidazolium halides was synthesised and characterised by NMR spectroscopy. Membranes were formed and ion exchanged with hydroxides. These membranes are of interest for use in potentially platinum-free anionic exchange membrane fuel cells. Crosslinked membranes were obtained by the addition of α,α′-dibromo-p- xylene to the casting solution. The ion conductivity of membranes was determined by impedance spectroscopy. A hydroxide conductivity of 29 mS · cm -1 at 26 °C and 58 mS · cm-1 at 60 °C was obtained. The thermal and hydrolytic stability was investigated and a pathway for hydrolytic degradation proposed. Hydroxide ions react at the 2 position, the intermediate carbinol opens to the amine-amide, and further degrades under chain scission to diamine and carboxylic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-908
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 12


  • anionic exchange membranes
  • degradation
  • membranes
  • polybenzimidazole
  • polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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