Pore topology, volume expansion and pressure development in chemically-induced foam cements

Woo Jin Han, Junghee Park, Wonjun Cha, Jong Sub Lee, J. Carlos Santamarina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Foam cement is an engineered lightweight material relevant to a broad range of engineering applications. This study explores the effects of aluminum chips on cement-bentonite slurry expansion, pressure development, and the evolution of pore topology. The terminal volume expansion under free-boundary conditions or the pressure build up under volume-controlled conditions are a function of the aluminum mass ratio, bentonite mass ratio, and aluminum chip size. X-ray CT images show that finer aluminum chips create smaller pores but result in a larger volume expansion than when larger sized chips are used; on the other hand, large chip sizes result in unreacted residual aluminum. Time-lapse CT images clearly show the sequence of processes which lead to the development of foam cement: gas bubble nucleation, bubble growth, capillary-driven grain displacement enhanced by the presence of bentonite, coalescence, percolation, gas leakage and pore collapse. These results illustrate the potential to customize the mixture composition of chemically-induced gassy cement to control expansion and pressure build up, and to minimize percolating discontinuities and gas release.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16690
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was conducted at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and funded by the KAUST endowment and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2021R1A5A1032433). Gabrielle E. Abelskamp edited the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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