Porosity estimation based on seismic wave velocity at shallow depths

Jong Sub Lee, Hyung Koo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Seismic wave velocity and porosity are used for the estimation of dynamic behaviors in the Earth, including seismicity and liquefaction. To increase the resolution of subsurface observations, seismic wave velocity and porosity can be combined in a compound method. To this end, in this paper, we utilize and rearrange the Wood, Gassmann, and Foti methods - three techniques commonly used to estimate porosity based on seismic wave velocity at shallow depths. Seismic wave velocity is obtained by a field velocity probe using the horizontal transmission technique. Porosity calculated using the Gassmann method shows the highest reliability considering observed porosity criteria. The sensitivities of each method are compared using the error norm. Results show that the Gassmann method has low sensitivity for calculating porosity, whereas the Wood and Foti methods have high sensitivity. Consequently, the Gassmann method is recommended for estimating porosity at shallow depths when using measured elastic wave velocity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun


  • Compressional wave velocity
  • Error norm
  • Porosity
  • Sensitivity
  • Shear wave velocity
  • Theoretical method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics


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