Germanium-based multimetallic-oxide materials have attracted significant attention as high-capacity anodes for next generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, they suffer from poor cyclic stability due to extreme volume expansion and reduced electrical conductivity after repeated cycles. To circumvent these issues, we propose that Ge-based multimetallic-oxide nanowires can be synthesized with electrically conductive carbon to significantly enhance the cyclic stability of the Ge-based anodes. We prepare conformal-carbon-coated Zn2GeO4 nanowires (NWs) using a microwave-induced hydrothermal method with subsequent thermal decomposition. The obtained carbon-coated Zn2GeO4-NW anode exhibits a discharge capacity of 485 mAh/g and a Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 98.4% after 900 cycles at 0.6 C. Furthermore, these anodes exhibit outstanding rate-capability characteristics, even with an increased C-rate of 17.7 C. This excellent electrochemical performance can be ascribed to the improved electron and ion transport provided and the structurally reinforced conductive layer comprising a conformal carbon layer. Therefore, it is expected that our approach can also be applied to other multimetallic-oxide materials, resulting in large, reversible capacities; excellent cyclic stabilities; and good rate capabilities for high-performance LIBs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by KIST institutional program and research grants by the National Research Foundation under Ministry of Science, ICT & Future, Korea (NRF- 2012M1A2A2671792).
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- carbon-buffer layers
- lithium-ion batteries
- long cycle life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)