Possible ohmic mechanisms of Ag/indium tin oxide p-type contacts for high-brightness GaN -Based light emitting diodes

June O. Song, Hyun Gi Hong, Joon Woo Jeon, Jung Inn Sohn, Ja Soon Jang, Tae Yeon Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We have investigated the Ag (1 nm)indium tin oxide (ITO) (200 nm) contacts by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) to understand its ohmic mechanism. The Ag/ITO contacts exhibit ohmic behaviors, when annealed at 400-600°C. The effective Schottky barrier heights depend on the annealing temperatures. STEM and AES results reveal the formation of Ag nanodots (5-35 nm across) and Ga-Ag solid solution. Based on the STEM, AES, and XPS results, the ohmic contact formation is described in terms of the formation of the Ga-Ag solid solution and the inhomogeneous interfaces with nanodots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H36-H38
JournalElectrochemical and Solid-State Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We sincerely thank Professor Po Teen Lim and the two anonymous reviewers for their very useful and insightful comments. This study was largely supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFD0901500 ; 2018YFE0103700 ), the National Natural Science Foundation (Nos. 41876124 ; 61871293 ; 41706147 ; 31570364 ), Key Fishery and Agricultural Science and Technology project in Dongtou District of Wenzhou ( N2018Y03A ), Wenzhou Water Pollution Control and Treatment Technology Innovation Project ( S20160003 ) and Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, Second Institute of Oceanography (No. LMEB201706 ).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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