Many studies have demonstrated that an alteration in hemorheological properties is closely correlated with diabetic microcirculatory diseases. However, most of these studies have been limited to animal studies or used a small number of clinical samples, due to a lack of effective point-of-care (POC) devices to measure such properties within clinical environments. Owing to recent developments in microfluidic technology, several hemorheological POC devices have been designed that allow for the possibility of conducting extensive clinical studies using hemorheological measurements. Here, we reviewed recent clinical studies of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) associated with hemorheological parameters. We found that RBC deformability alone did not show a significant difference according to the degree of DKD, whereas critical shear stress (CSS) was found to be closely related to the ratio of albumin to creatinine and glomerular filtration rate. We also reviewed studies that alteration of hemorheological properties are associated with the development of DKD, which showed that CSS could be considered as a potential index to diagnose other diabetic complications as well as DKD.
|Journal||Frontiers in Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Aug 20|
- chronic kidney disease
- critical shear stress
- diabetic nephropathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)