Powerful curved piezoelectric generator for wearable applications

Woo Suk Jung, Min Jae Lee, Min Gyu Kang, Hi Gyu Moon, Seok Jin Yoon, Seung Hyub Baek, Chong Yun Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

156 Citations (Scopus)


With the widespread use of wearable electronics, the flexible piezoelectric energy harvesting devices have been extensively studied to efficiently convert the physical motion of the human body into electrical energy. The major obstacles for realizing a flexible piezoelectric generator include the insufficient output power generation and the poor efficiency at the low-frequency regime. Here, we demonstrate a curved piezoelectric generator favorable for wearable applications, generating a high output power. The curved structure plays a key role to improve the power generation, by effectively distributing the applied force across the piezoelectric layer, as well as to allow operation at the low frequency vibration range. Accordingly, this generator produces ~120. V of peak output voltage and ~700. μA of peak output current during a cycle. Furthermore, our generator can operate at low frequencies below 50. Hz, generating ~55. V of output voltage and 250. μA of output current at 35. Hz, and it even works at frequencies as low as 1. Hz. With this generator, we successfully lit up 476 commercial LED bulbs. In addition, we experimentally demonstrate the possibility that the generator can be used in shoes, watches, and clothes as a power source. Our results will provide a framework to enhance the output power of conventional piezoelectric generators, and open a new avenue for realization of self-powered systems, such as wearable electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-181
Number of pages8
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Energy Technology Development Project (KETEP) grant funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, Republic of Korea (Piezoelectric Energy Harvester Development and Demonstration for scavenging Energy from Road Traffic System , project No. 20142020103970 ) and the Institutional Research Program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology ( 2E24881 ) and KU-KIST Research Program of Korea University ( R1309521 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Energy harvester
  • Piezoelectric
  • Wearable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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