Herein, we introduce an interdigitated horizontal electrode (IHE) structure with a metal-based electron-collecting (or -injecting) electrode and a hole-collecting (or -injecting) electrode composed of a conductive polymeric material that has a nanoscale distance and is horizontally separated. In the IHE, a metal electrode is fabricated on a silicon-oxide substrate, and a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) is selectively bonded to the metal and the oxide to form a conductive polymer electrode by dip coating. Each of the SAM materials is composed of a head part bonded to the substrate surface and a tail part that is hydrophilic or hydrophobic. This inherent property makes the metal electrode hydrophobic and the oxide substrate hydrophilic. Ag is used as a metal electrode material and is combined with alkanethiol SAMs. The alkylsilane SAMs are combined with the silicon oxide substrate to make them hydrophilic, using poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly (PEDOT: PSS) as the conductive polymer material. In this study, we have found that there is a difference in the spacing between the two electrodes that depends on the combination of SAM materials. Each interval was spaced from a minimum of 140 nm to a maximum of 385 nm.
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- dip coating
- interdigitated horizontal electrode (IHE)
- nanoscale spacing
- self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)
- surface energy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering