Background Patients who had a stroke are required to manage risk factors, and self-management for risk factor control in stroke is essential. Recent studies using the information-motivation-behavioral skills model reported that the model is effective for predicting and explaining self-management behavior in chronically ill patients. Objectives This study aimed to develop and verify the predictive model of self-management based on the information-motivation-behavioral skills model in patients with stroke. Methods This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study; path analysis was conducted to develop and verify the hypothesized predictive model. We recruited 242 patients who had a stroke using convenience sampling from the neurological outpatient clinic. Results The model's fit indices were adequate. Stroke self-management knowledge, social support, and self-efficacy had a direct effect on stroke self-management, and stroke self-management knowledge and attitude and social support had an indirect effect on stroke self-management, mediated by self-efficacy. Stroke self-management knowledge and attitude, social support, and self-efficacy explained 27.5% of the total variance in stroke self-management. Conclusions The information-motivation-behavioral skills model is potentially a predictive model for self-management for patients who had a stroke. Considering the level of stroke knowledge and attitude, social support, and self-efficacy together may help to understand the required level of self-management. In addition, using this model for the development of self-management interventions for patients who had a stroke could be a strategy for improving self-management in patients with stroke.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science and ICT) (NRF-2018R1C1B5034532).
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- self-management knowledge
- social support
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing