Predictors of Posttraumatic Growth Among University Students Who Experienced a Recent Earthquake

Inhong Kim, Won Oak Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit Gyeongju City, South Korea, in 2016, traumatising and psychologically panicking residents. The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for posttraumatic growth (PTG) among university students who experienced South Korea’s largest earthquake. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 493 university students in Gyeongju City. Data were collected via 5 self-report questionnaires. PTG was found to be positively correlated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), resilience and social support. Multiple regression analysis showed that PTSD (β = 0.519, p <.001), resilience (β = 0.213, p <.001), religion (β = 0.125, p =.001) and sex (female; β = 0.090, p =.010) were identified as predictive factors of PTG. These results illustrate a need for health care providers to include individual internal resources such as resilience in intervention strategies to promote PTG and decrease posttraumatic experiences in those who have experienced traumatic events such as earthquakes. A longitudinal study is needed to obtain more definitive evidence of PTSD progression and PTG over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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