Background: Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis (EFE) is a critical complication of candidemia. We conducted a study to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for EFE. Methods: Adult candidemia patients ≥ 19 years who underwent an ophthalmological examination at a tertiary care hospital in the Republic of Korea from 2006 to 2018 were enrolled. Results: There was a total of 152 adult candidemia patients analyzed. EFE was found in 29 patients (19.1%). Patients were categorized into two groups (Non-endophthalmitis [NE] and endophthalmitis [E]). Between the two groups, there was no significant difference in terms of age, sex, and underlying comorbidities. However, there were more Candida albicans candidemia, abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at the time of candidemia diagnosis, receipt of antifungal treatment ≥ 48 hours after onset of candidemia symptoms and blood culture sample (AOCS), and candidemia clearance ≥ 5 days after initiation of antifungal treatment (AIAT) in the E group. A predictive model for the E was created, which had an area of 0.811 under the receiver operating characteristics curve. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, C. albicans candidemia, ALT at the time of candidemia diagnosis, receipt of antifungal treatment ≥ 48 hours AOCS, and candidemia clearance ≥ 5 days AIAT were significantly associated with EFE. Conclusion: EFE occurred in 19% of adult patients with candidemia. Adult candidemia patients with C. albicans candidemia, abnormal ALT, receipt of antifungal treatment ≥ 48 hours AOCS, and candidemia clearance ≥ 5 days AIAT need to be closely monitored for the possibility of EFE.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
- Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases