Production of biodiesel from acid oil via a two-step enzymatic transesterification

Nakyung Choi, Jeom Sig Lee, Jieun Kwak, Junsoo Lee, In Hwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A two-step enzymatic transesterification process in a solvent-free system has been developed as a novel approach to the production of biodiesel using acid oil from rice bran oil soapstock. The acid oil consisted of 53.7 wt% fatty acids, 2.4 wt% monoacylglycerols, 9.1 wt% diacylglycerols, 28.8 wt% triacylglycerols, and 6.0 wt% others. Three immobilized lipases were evaluated as potential biocatalysts, including Novozym 435 from Candida antarctica, Lipozyme RM IM from Rhizomucor miehei, and Lipozyme TL IM from Thermomyces lanuginosus. The effects of molar ratio of acid oil to ethanol, temperature, and enzyme loading were investigated to determine the optimum conditions for the transesterification with the three immobilized lipases. The optimum conditions of the three immobilized lipases were a molar ratio of 1:5 (acid oil to ethanol), the temperature range of 30-40℃, and the enzyme loading range of 5-10%. The two-step transesterification was then conducted under the optimum conditions of each lipase. The stepwise use of Novozym 435 and Lipozyme TL IM or Lipozyme RM IM and Lipozyme TL IM resulted in similar or higher levels of yield to the individual lipases. The maximum yields obtained in both stepwise uses were ca. 92%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-921
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Oleo Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Acid oil
  • Biodiesel
  • By-product
  • Lipase
  • Transesterification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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