The structural and electrical properties of undoped and Sn doped κ-Ga2O3 layers grown by epitaxial lateral overgrowth on TiO2/sapphire substrates using stripe and point masks show that the crystalline structure of the films can be greatly improved relative to conventional planar growth. The undoped films are semi-insulating, with the Fermi level pinned near EC-0.7 eV, and deep electron traps at EC-0.5 eV and EC-0.3 eV are detectable in thermally stimulated current and photoinduced current transient spectra measurements. Low concentration Sn doping results in net donor concentrations of ≈ 1013 cm−3, and deep trap spectra determined by electron traps at EC-0.5 eV, and deep acceptors with an optical ionization threshold near 2 and 3.1 eV. Treatment of the samples in hydrogen plasma at 330 °C increases the donor density near the surface to ≈ 1019 cm−3. Such samples show strong persistent photocapacitance and photoconductivity, indicating the possible DX-like character of the centers involved. For thin (5 µm) κ-Ga2O3 films grown on GaN/sapphire templates, p-type-like behavior is unexpectedly observed in electrical properties and we discuss the possible formation of a 2D hole gas at the κ-Ga2O3/GaN interface.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work at NUST MISiS was supported in part by a grant from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russian Federation (Agreement # 075‐15‐2022‐1113). The authors gratefully acknowledge helpful discussions with Dr. S. Yu. Karpov of STR Soft‐Impact, S. Petersburg.
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Materials Interfaces published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- epitaxial lateral overgrowth
- hydrogen plasma treatment
- metastable polymorphs
- wide-bandgap semiconductors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering