Properties of thermally evaporated titanium dioxide as an electron-selective contact for silicon solar cells

Changhyun Lee, Soohyun Bae, Hyun Jung Park, Dongjin Choi, Hoyoung Song, Hyunju Lee, Yoshio Ohshita, Donghwan Kim, Yoonmook Kang, Hae Seok Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, titanium oxide has been widely investigated as a carrier-selective contact material for silicon solar cells. Herein, titanium oxide films were fabricated via simple deposition methods involving thermal eVaporation and oxidation. This study focuses on characterizing an electron-selective passivated contact layer with this oxidized method. Subsequently, the SiO2/TiO2 stack was examined using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The phase and chemical composition of the titanium oxide films were analyzed using X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. The passivation quality of each layer was confirmed by measuring the carrier lifetime using quasi-steady-state photoconductance, providing an implied open circuit voltage of 644 mV. UV–vis spectroscopy and UV photoelectron spectroscopy analyses demonstrated the band alignment and carrier selectivity of the TiO2 layers. Band offsets of ~0.33 and ~2.6 eV relative to the conduction and valence bands, respectively, were confirmed for titanium oxide and the silicon interface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number678
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors.


  • Band alignment
  • Carrier-selective contact cell
  • Electron-selective contact
  • Titanium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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