Background: Xenotransplantation using fresh porcine corneas has been suggested as a feasible alternative to overcome the shortage of human donor corneas. Successful long-term survival of grafts without evidence of xenozoonosis in clinically applicable pig-to-non-human primate corneal transplantation model has brought researchers close to human clinical trials. Accordingly, we aimed to prepare a clinical trial protocol to conduct the first corneal xenotransplantation. Methods: We developed the clinical trial protocol based on international consensus statement on conditions for undertaking clinical trials of corneal xenotransplantation developed by the International Xenotransplantation Society. Detailed contents of the protocol have been modified with reference to comments provided by ophthalmologists and multidisciplinary experts, including an infectionist, an organ transplantation specialist, a clinical pharmacologist, a neuropsychiatrist, a laboratory medicine doctor, and a microbiologist. Results: Two patients with bilateral legal corneal blindness (best-corrected visual acuity ≤20/200 in the better eye and ≤20/1000 in the candidate eye) or with (impending) corneal perforation will be enrolled. During the screening period, participants and their family members will have two separate deep consideration periods before signing informed consent forms. Each patient will undergo corneal xenotransplantation using fresh corneas from Seoul National University miniature pigs. Commercially available immunosuppressants will be administered and systemic infection prophylaxis will be performed according to the program schedule. After transplantation, each patient will be monitored at a specialized clinic to investigate safety up to 2 years and efficacy up to 1 year. Conclusions: A detailed clinical trial protocol for the first corneal xenotransplantation reflecting the global guidelines is provided.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Korea Healthcare Technology R&D Project, Ministry for Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (Project No. HI13C0954).
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- clinical trial
- corneal xenotransplantation
- porcine cornea
ASJC Scopus subject areas