The kinetic parameters for the pyrolysis of Oriental white oak were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The white oak was pyrolyzed in a fluidized bed reactor with a two-staged char separation system under a variety of operating conditions. The influence of the pyrolysis conditions on the chemical and physical characteristics of the bio-oil was also examined. TGA showed that the Oriental white oak decomposed at temperatures ranging from 250 to 400 °C. The apparent activation energy ranged from 160 to 777 kJ mol- 1. The optimal pyrolysis temperature for the production of bio-oil in the fluidized bed unit was between 400 and 450 °C. A much smaller and larger feed size adversely affected the production of bio-oil. A higher fluidizing gas flow and higher biomass feeding rate were more effective in the production of bio-oil but the above flow rates did not affect the bio-oil yields significantly. Recycling a part of the product gas as a fluidizing medium resulted the highest bio-oil yield of 60 wt.%. In addition, high-quality bio-oil with a low solid content was produced using a hot filter as well as a cyclone. With exception of the pyrolysis temperature, the other pyrolysis conditions did not significantly affect the chemical and physical characteristics of the resulting bio-oil.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Environment in Korea, under “The Eco-technopia 21 Project”.
- Char separation system
- Fast pyrolysis
- Oriental white oak
- Pyrolysis conditions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemical Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology