Quantitative temperature profiling across nanoheater on silicon-on-insulator wafer using null-point scanning thermal microscopy

Gwangseok Hwang, Ohmyoung Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


With the rapid reduction in the characteristic length of electronic devices down to tens of nanometers in recent times, the characterization of self-heating in nanotransistors fabricated on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrates has become a major challenge. However, because of a lack of quantitative thermal characterization techniques at the nanoscale, analysis of the behavior of hotspots in a transistor has been performed mostly by theoretical modeling based on the Boltzmann transport equation, whose results are sometimes inconsistent. In this study, we use the recently developed null-point scanning thermal microscopy (NP SThM)dwhich can measure the quantitative undisturbed temperature simultaneously with the local spreading thermal resistance with nanoscale resolutiondto simultaneously profile the undisturbed temperature distribution around an electrically heated 100-nm-wide platinum nanoheater patterned on an SOI wafer quantitatively and the local spreading thermal resistance qualitatively. Comparison of the experimental temperature and thermal resistance profiles with those obtained using the heat diffusion equation explains why the local temperature gradient and the absolute temperature are higher than the corresponding modeling results around the nanoheater. The quantitative data obtained in this study would be essential reference data for the validation of a theoretical model for thermal analysis in nanoelectronic devices. Furthermore, since NP SThM can profile the spreading thermal resistance simultaneously with the undisturbed temperature, it is expected to have wide applicability in the analysis of energy transport/conversion in nanodevices and nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program ( NRF-2013R1A1A2012138 ) and the Nano-Material Technology Development Program (Green Nano Technology Development Program) (No. 2011-0030146) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology . The authors thank the Inter-university Semiconductor Research Center (ISRC) at Seoul National University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS.


  • Hotspot
  • Nanoscale temperature measurement
  • Null-point scanning thermal microscopy
  • Scanning thermal microscopy
  • Silicon-on-insulator transistor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Engineering


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