Quantum Mutual Authentication Key Agreement Scheme Using Five-Qubit Entanglement towards Different Realm Architecture

Xiyuan Ma, Junbeom Hur, Zexi Li, Hongfeng Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a scheme of quantum operation teleportation (QOT) utilizing local operations and five-qubit entangled state to achieve mutual authentication and key agreement for two clients in different realms. On the one hand, the scheme not only has the characteristics of the arbitrariness of the relevant operation, the certainty of sharing success and the constancy of entangled resources, but also realizes the mutual authentication among the four parties, ensuring the reliability and security of the task. On the other hand, considering the complexity of the operation, we complete the current QOT task as a whole, so the operation difficulty is low and relatively simple. In summary, our analysis is completely feasible under the existing technical conditions and this proposed scheme has practical significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1933-1948
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Theoretical Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Liaoning Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 2019-MS-286), and Basic Scientific Research Project of Liaoning Provincial Department of Education (Grant No. LJC202007). Construction of professional practice conditions and practice bases about electronic information engineering (industrial Internet of things) under the background of new engineering (School-Enterprise Cooperation) Major under the New Engineering Background (Grant No. 202002133020).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Five-qubit entanglement
  • Mutual authentication
  • Quantum operation teleportation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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