Rational compatibility in a ternary matrix enables all-small-molecule organic solar cells with over 16% efficiency

Mengyun Jiang, Hairui Bai, Hongfu Zhi, Lu Yan, Han Young Woo, Lijia Tong, Jinliang Wang, Fujun Zhang, Qiaoshi An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Citations (Scopus)


How to manipulate the phase separation and molecular arrangement to meet the need of efficient charge generation and extraction remains a long-standing challenge in all-small-molecule organic solar cells (ASM-OSCs). Herein, a small molecule acceptor Y7 as a morphology modulator was incorporated into a B1:BO-4Cl matrix to fabricate ternary ASM-OSCs. Y7 possesses excellent compatibility with the acceptor BO-4Cl but poor compatibility with the donor B1. The two acceptors prefer to form an alloy-like structure in ternary blends due to their good compatibility, which is conducive to fine-tuning the molecular arrangement for facilitating charge extraction. The inferior compatibility originating from the strong intermolecular interaction between Y7 and B1 can provide a driving force to manipulate the phase separation between the donor and acceptor for gaining well-formed nanofibrous and bi-continuous interpenetrating networks, leading to efficient charge separation, transport and collection in ternary blends. The ternary ASM-OSCs with 10 wt% Y7 in acceptors achieve a top-ranked power conversion efficiency of 16.28% with a holistic improvement of short-circuit current density, open-circuit voltage and fill factor. This work opens a new avenue to optimize the morphology for further boosting the performance of OSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3945-3953
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution


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