Rational Design of a TADF Emitter with Steric Shielding and Multiple Resonance for Narrowband Solution-Processed OLEDs

Nagaraju Peethani, Na Yeon Kwon, Chang Woo Koh, Su Hong Park, Jung Min Ha, Min Ju Cho, Han Young Woo, Sungnam Park, Dong Hoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Multiple-resonance thermally activated delayed fluorescence (MR-TADF) emitters exhibit enormous potential for use in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), owing to their exceptional external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) and narrowband emission spectra. However, planar MR-TADF emitters often suffer from aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) and spectral broadening at high doping concentrations because of strong interchromophore π–π interactions. A method of sterically encapsulating the planar MR skeleton with four bulky 9-phenyl-fluorene (Fl) units is devised, resulting in the development of a bright bluish-green emitter (4FlCzBN). This steric shielding effectively reduces intermolecular interactions, suppresses ACQ, and improves solubility. Consequently, by utilizing 4FlCzBN as a doping-insensitive MR emitter, solution-processed OLEDs are fabricated with doping concentrations of 2–16 wt.%, and they show EQEs of 10.1–10.9% with a bandwidth of 28–30 nm. Furthermore, a TADF-sensitizer-based device using 4FlCzBN demonstrates a significantly reduced efficiency roll-off while achieving an EQE of 12.2%. This is a remarkable improvement that overcomes the disadvantages that are difficult to achieve in previously reported MR-TADF OLEDs. The current work provides valuable insights into the design of efficient MR-TADF emitters with minimized aggregation and reduced efficiency roll-off for solution processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2301217
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 4

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ)-free
  • multiple resonance
  • narrowband emission
  • solution process
  • steric shielding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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