Until now, in case of Li-O2 batteries, catalyst materials are applied by simple mixing with carbon black, which causes large overpotential due to limited active surface of the catalyst, leading to low energy efficiency and short cycle life. Accordingly, in previous studies, significant advances have been witnessed in the synthesis of various electrode materials with three-dimensional (3-D) structures for application in electrochemical energy storage devices. Herein, the 1-D@3-D catalyst layer design and efficient active site formation strategy help to enable an efficient Li-O2 battery. In particular, it should be noted that the 1-D@3-D catalyst layer has great potential for maximizing the active contact area between the electrolyte and the catalyst materials and promoting the rapid diffusion of products and reactants through their stereoscopic structure. The 1-D Ru-doped CuO nanorod array on 3-D carbon cloth (Ru-CuO/RuO2@CC) is demonstrated via 7,7,8,8-Tetracyanoquinodimethane-solution deposition, and thermal oxidation process. A comprehensive kinetic study using linear sweep voltammetry reveals that the Ru-CuO/RuO2@CC has superior ORR/OER performance compared to a CuO nanorods-loaded carbon cloth and a CuO/RuO2 nanoparticles-loaded carbon cloth. The Ru-CuO/RuO2@CC as a catalyst layer combined cell is achieved 1.0 mA h cm−2 (=3075 mA h gc−1) during 30 cycles with a low overpotential decay rate of 0.88% per cycle.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Korea Basic Science Institute; National Research Foundation of Korea, Grant/Award Numbers: 2018M3D1A1058744, 2020R1A6A1A03045059, 2021M3D1A2051636; Korea University Funding information
This work was supported by a Korea University Grant and, the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (NRF- 2018M3D1A1058744, 2020R1A6A1A03045059, 2021M3D1A2051636). We thank the Korea Basic Science Institute for the technical support.
This work was supported by a Korea University Grant and, the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (NRF‐ 2018M3D1A1058744, 2020R1A6A1A03045059, 2021M3D1A2051636). We thank the Korea Basic Science Institute for the technical support.
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- 1-D@3-D structure
- Li-O battery
- Ru-doped CuO
- catalyst layer
- porous nanorods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology