Recent advances in MXenes: beyond Ti-only systems

Sandhya Venkateshalu, Mohammed Shariq, Byeongyoon Kim, Monika Patel, Kajal Shakil Mahabari, Sang Il Choi, Nitin K. Chaudhari, Andrews Nirmala Grace, Kwangyeol Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Since the first report on Ti3C2Tx in 2011, the number of reports on 2D transition metal carbides and nitrides, known as MXenes, has increased rapidly. Most of the reports have focused on Ti-based MXenes due to their ease of synthesis and striking properties; however, MXenes beyond Ti-only systems have also been recently reported to exhibit intriguing electronic, magnetic, optical, and mechanical properties. This forward-looking review aims to summarize the research trends, synthesis, properties, and applications of non-Ti MXenes to motivate researchers to unearth the characteristics and unleash the full potential of less explored MXenes. Furthermore, the properties and applications of theoretically predicted non-Ti MXenes are also highlighted to stimulate further research in synthesizing them experimentally. Finally, the challenges to be addressed and future research directions are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13107-13132
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May 22

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Recent advances in MXenes: beyond Ti-only systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this