Recent developments in forward osmosis and its implication in expanding applications

Min Zhan, Youngjin Kim, Seungkwan Hong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this chapter, a review of various applications has been performed for the production and treatment of water using the forward osmosis (FO) process. A comprehensive and critical review on the existing hybrid FO systems and their performances in different applications are presented. To find an appropriate niche for FO the review organized past researches on the FO process and suggested optimized applications and prospects for future research areas on hybrid FO systems. This review also includes a brief overview of the different types of fouling mechanisms that can be found in FO processes, the possible fouling mitigation and cleaning methods to enhance FO efficiency, and the use of advanced membrane fouling characterization methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOsmosis Engineering
Number of pages38
ISBN (Electronic)9780128210161
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Forward osmosis
  • Membrane separation
  • Osmosis
  • Osmotic engineering
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering


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