Recent progress in the development of biomass-derived nitrogen-doped porous carbon

Babasaheb M. Matsagar, Ren Xuan Yang, Saikat Dutta, Yong Sik Ok, Kevin C.W. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

157 Citations (Scopus)


This review offers a focused discussion on the recent progress of biomass-derived nitrogen-doped porous carbon (NPC) and its applications. Various synthesis methods for biomass-derived NPCs are introduced and critically reviewed. N-doping is a promising approach for further improving the physicochemical/electrochemical properties of carbon materials. Besides, NPC synthesis from inexpensive biomass for energy storage applications is a green and sustainable strategy. NPCs can be synthesized directly from algae, chitosan, and glucosamine without using any additional N precursor. The effect of synthesis methods on the physicochemical properties of NPCs offers a direction for optimizing the properties of NPCs for diverse applications. The utilization of NPCs in various applications, including catalysis and electrochemical energy storage (e.g., fuel cells, batteries, and supercapacitors), is reviewed. Besides, a discussion on the use of NPCs in oxidation and hydrogenation reactions, CO2capture and reduction is provided. The factors controlling the electrocatalytic performance of NPC are evaluated, such as the effect of N-content and the type of N species in NPCs. Finally, to improve the rational design of biomass-derived NPCs for catalysis and energy storage applications, an outlook and conclusion are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3703-3728
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2021.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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