Reduced graphene oxide supported cobalt-calcium phosphate composite for electrochemical water oxidation

Keunyoung Lee, Wonseok Yang, Eunji Pyo, Hyebin Choi, Yeona Cha, Seonhong Lee, Chung Soo Kim, Dong Kwon Lim, Ki Young Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We report the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst composed of cobalt–calcium phosphate on reduced graphene oxide (CoCaP/rGO). Our catalyst is prepared by the anodic electrolysis of calcium phosphate/rGO mixture loaded on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) in Co2+ aqueous solution. TEM, XPS and XRD experiments confirm that the crystal phase of calcium phosphate (CaP) is transferred into an amorphous phase of calcium oxide with phosphate (5.06 at%) after anodic electrolysis. Additionally, the main cation component of calcium is replaced by cobalt ion. The current–voltage characteristics of CoCaP/rGO showed a shoulder peak at 1.10 V vs. NHE, which originated from Co2+ to higher oxidation states (Co3+ or Co4+) and a strong wave from water oxidation higher +1.16 V vs. NHE at neutral condition (pH 7). CoCaP and CoCaP/rGO showed 4.8 and 10 mA/cm2 at 0.47 V of overpotential, respectively. The enhanced OER catalytic activity of CoCaP/rGO arises from the synergetic interaction between the amorphous phase of CoCaP and electric conducting graphene sheets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number960
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2019R1I1A3A0105983712, K.-Y.K.) and National Research Fund of Korea (2018R1A2A3075499, D.-K.L.).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Calcium phosphate
  • Graphene
  • OER

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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