In this study, we present a modified interfacial parameter to reduce the vacuum phenomenon for the triple junction in the ternary Cahn–Hilliard (CH) equation. The triple junction is the point where three phases meet each other. In the ternary system, we interpret a position as occupied by a phase, if the concentration of the phase is larger than one-half. Therefore, it is well known that there exists a vacuum phenomenon: none of the phases exist, that is, all the concentrations are less than one-half. In the proposed method, we introduce a phase-dependent interfacial coefficient that has a constant value away from the triple junction and smaller values in the neighborhood of the triple junction, which effectively reduces the vacuum region. To validate the superiority of the proposed approach, we present the characteristic numerical experiments for the ternary system. The computational results confirm the superior performance of the proposed method over the conventional method.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The corresponding author (J. S. Kim) was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF), Korea, under Project BK21 FOUR. The authors thank the reviewers for their constructive comments regarding the revision of this article.
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanical Engineering