Reduction of the gate leakage current in binary-trench-insulated gate AIGaN/GaN high-electron-mobility transistors

Su Jin Kim, Dong Ho Kim, Jae Moo Kim, Kang Min Jung, Tae Geun Kim, Hong Goo Choi, Cheol Koo Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a binary-trench-insulated (BTI) gate structure for reducing the gate leakage current without sacrifice of the transconductance in GaN high-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs), and its physics-based simulation results are compared with conventional GaN HEMTs and metalinsulator- semiconductor high-electron-mobility-transistors (MIS-HEMTs) with Si 3N 4 insulators. The gate insulator of AlGaN/GaN BTI-HEMTs consists of two laterally contacting materials with different dielectric constants. The two parallel trench-insulators are composed of oxide and high-k dielectric materials of the same thickness and located within the AlGaN barrier layer. Simulation results clearly indicate that the gate leakage current in the proposed BTI-HEMT is significantly decreased by about two and six orders of magnitude compared to that of the conventional HEMT and MIS-HEMTs. In addition, we observe approximately 57.7% and 15.6% improvements in the maximum drain current density (I D,max) and 40.8% and 65.4% improvements in the maximum transconductance (g m,max) at zero gate bias condition, respectively, as compared to those of the conventional-HEMTs and MIS-HEMTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-361
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul


  • AlGaN/GaN HEMT
  • Binary-trench-insulated (BTI) gate
  • Gallium nitride (GaN)
  • Gate leakage
  • MIS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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