Registration of longitudinal brain image sequences with implicit template and spatial-temporal heuristics

Guorong Wu, Qian Wang, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Accurate measurement of longitudinal changes of brain structures and functions is very important but challenging in many clinical studies. Also, across-subject comparison of longitudinal changes is critical in identifying disease-related changes. In this paper, we propose a novel method to meet these two requirements by simultaneously registering sets of longitudinal image sequences of different subjects to the common space, without assuming any explicit template. Specifically, our goal is to 1) consistently measure the longitudinal changes from a longitudinal image sequence of each subject, and 2) jointly align all image sequences of different subjects to a hidden common space. To achieve these two goals, we first introduce a set of temporal fiber bundles to explore the spatial-temporal behavior of anatomical changes in each longitudinal image sequence. Then, a probabilistic model is built upon the temporal fibers to characterize both spatial smoothness and temporal continuity. Finally, the transformation fields that connect each time-point image of each subject to the common space are simultaneously estimated by the expectation maximization (EM) approach, via the maximum a posterior (MAP) estimation of the probabilistic models. Promising results have been obtained in quantitative measurement of longitudinal brain changes, i.e., hippocampus volume changes, showing better performance than those obtained by either the pairwise or the groupwise only registration methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-421
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 2


  • Fiber bundles
  • Groupwise registration
  • Implicit template
  • Longitudinal registration
  • Spatial-temporal consistency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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