Regulation of bcl-2 family in hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells

Jung Eun Lee, Jeongwon Sohn, Jung Hwa Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Numerous types of cells have been shown to undergo apoptosis when exposed to oxidant agent such as hydrogen peroxide. In order to understand the functional relationship between the anti- and pro-apoptotic regulatory proteins in the cells under oxidant stress, we have studied the level of expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins, bcl-2 and bax, in human leukemia HL-60 cells. The exposure of HL-60 cells to different concentrations of H2O2 for 6 h resulted in a typical apoptosis of the cells as characterized by flow cytometry, cell cycle analysis, and DNA fragmentation. There was a block in G1 to S transition and apoptotic cells were mainly derived from S and G2 cells. Kinetic study demonstrated that the levels of both bcl-2-mRNA and -protein expression were decreased with the progression of cellular apoptosis whereas the level of bax-mRNA was unchanged but the expressed bax-protein was not detectable. Cycloheximide, a nonspecific translation inhibitor, did not prevent the hydrogen peroxide-mediated apoptosis in HL-60 cells. These results suggest that the regulation of bcl-2, but not of bax are important factor in the oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Mar 31
Externally publishedYes


  • Apoptosis
  • Bcl-2
  • Cell cycle
  • HL-60 cell
  • Hydrogen peroxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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