Hydrogen (H2) plasma treatment at the interface between 4H-SiC substrate and Al2O3 dielectric prepared by the atomic layer deposition (ALD) was performed and its effects on capacitance-voltage characteristics as well as the interface state density (Dit) was evaluated with metal oxide semiconductor devices. The atomic force microscopy result indicates that the remote H2 plasma treatment reduces surface roughness. Compared with the non-passivated devices, lower leakage current, lower hysteresis and higher breakdown voltage are attained with remotely hydrogen plasma-treated devices. Without post metallization annealing (PMA), Dit value more than 1014 eV-1 cm-2 is attained with hydrogen plasma passivated devices, indicating plasma-induced damage on the surface. However, using PMA, Dit of the H2 plasma treated device is significantly reduced to as low as 1.00 × 1012 eV-1 cm-2 at Ec - Et = 0.4 eV and is about five times lower than that of sample without H2 plasma passivation (Dit = 4.84 × 1012 eV-1 cm-2).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( 2010-0024043 ) and the Future Semiconductor Device Technology Development Program ( 10044842 ) funded By MOTIE (Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy) and KSRC (Korea Semiconductor Research Consortium).
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- ALD AlO
- Plasma hydrogen passivation
- Power device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering