Resource Allocation for Intelligent Reflecting Surface Assisted Wireless Powered IoT Systems With Power Splitting

Zhengyu Zhu, Zheng Li, Zheng Chu, Gangcan Sun, Wanming Hao, Peijia Liu, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a new transmission policy for intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) empowered wireless powered internet of things systems. Particularly, an energy station (ES) wirelessly charges for multiple IoT devices during downlink wireless energy transfer (WET) and then these devices deliver their own message to an access point (AP) during uplink wireless information transfer (WIT). Also, an IRS is deployed to improve energy harvesting and data transmission capabilities. To enhance self-sustainability of the IRS, the IRS harvests energy from the ES based on the harvest-then-transmit protocol. In this paper, we maximize the sum throughput via optimizing the phase shifts of the IRS, the transfer time scheduling as well as the power splitting ratio. Due to the non-convexity of the formulated problem, we divide the problem into two sub-problems, each of which can be handled separately. Then, we adopt an alternating optimization (AO) algorithm with the semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation. Also, we consider a special case where the circuit power consumption of IoT devices can be neglected. In this case, we derive a closed form solution for the optimal transmission time slots, power allocation and phase shift by the Lagrange dual method. Finally, numerical evaluations validate effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which significantly benefits from the IRS in improving network throughput.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2987-2998
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2002-2012 IEEE.


  • Wireless power transfer
  • intelligent reflecting surface
  • power splitting
  • sum throughput maximization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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