Response of bioluminescent bacteria to sixteen azo dyes

Hwa Young Lee, Sue Hyung Choi, Man Bock Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Recombinant bioluminescent bacteria were used to monitor and classify the toxicity of azo dyes. Two constitutive bioluminescent bacteria, Photobacterium phosphoreum and Escherichia coli, E. coli GC2 (lac::luxCDABE), were used to detect the cellular toxicity of the azo dyes. In addition, four stress-inducible bioluminescent E. coli, DPD2794 (recA::luxCDABE), a DNA damage sensitive strain; DPD2540 (fabA::luxCDABE), a membrane damage sensitive strain; DPD2511 (katG::luxCDABE), an oxidative damage sensitive strain; and TV1061 (grpE::luxCDABE), a protein damage sensitive strain, were used to provide information about the type of toxicity caused by crystal violet, the most toxic dye of the 16 azo dyes tested. These results suggest that azo dyes result in serious cellular toxicity in bacteria, and that toxicity monitoring and classification of some azo dyes, in the field, may be possible using these recombinant bioluminescent bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-105
Number of pages5
JournalBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Azo dyes
  • Cellular toxic effect
  • Recombinant bioluminescent bacteria
  • Stress responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering


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