The purpose of this study was to delineate the various factors that affect the growth characteristics of human cancer xenografts in nude mice and to reveal the relationship between the growth characteristics and radiosensitivity. We retrospectively analyzed 390 xenografts comprising nine different human cancer lines grown in nude mice used in our institute between 2009 and 2015. Tumor growth rate (TCR) was calculated using exponential growth equations. The relationship between the TCR of xenografts and the proliferation of the cells in vitro was examined. Additionally, we examined the correlations between the surviving fractions of cells after 2 Cy irradiation in vitro and the response of the xenograft to radiation. The TCR of xenografts was positively related to the proliferation of the cells in vitro (rp=0.9714, p < 0.0001), whereas it was independent of the histological type of the xenografts. Radiation-induced suppression of the growth rate (T/C%) of xenografts was positively related to the radiosensitivity of the cells in vitro (SF2; rp=0.8684, p=0.0284) and TCR (rp=0.7623, p=0.0780). The proliferation of human cancer cells in vitro and the growth rate of xenografts were positively related. The radiosensitivity of cancer cells, as judged from the SF2 values in vitro, and the radiation-induced suppression of xenograft growth were positively related. In conclusion, the growth rate of human xenografts was independent of histological type and origin of the cancer cells, and was positively related to the proliferation of the cancer cells in vitro.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016, BioMed Central Ltd.
- cell line characteristics
- Human xenograft model
- in vitro-in vivo correlation
- retrospective analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology