Reversible data hiding in JPEG images using quantized DC

Suah Kim, Fangjun Huang, Hyoung Joong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Reversible data hiding in JPEG images has become an important topic due to the prevalence and overwhelming support of the JPEG image format these days. Much of the existing work focuses on embedding using AC (quantized alternating current coefficients) to maximize the embedding capacity while minimizing the distortion and the file size increase. Traditionally, DC (quantized direct current coefficients) are not used for embedding, due to the assumption that the embedding in DCs cause more distortion than embedding in ACs. However, for data analytic which extracts fine details as a feature, distortion in ACs is not acceptable, because they represent the fine details of the image. In this paper, we propose a novel reversible data hiding method which efficiently embeds in the DC. The propose method uses a novel DC prediction method to decrease the entropy of the prediction error histogram. The embedded image has higher PSNR, embedding capacity, and smaller file size increase. Furthermore, proposed method preserves all the fine details of the image.

Original languageEnglish
Article number835
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • DC coefficients
  • DCT coefficients
  • Entropy
  • JPEG
  • Reversible data hiding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Reversible data hiding in JPEG images using quantized DC'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this