Ribosomal protein S3 (rpS3) secreted from various cancer cells is N-linked glycosylated

Yong Joong Kim, Min Seon Lee, Hag Dong Kim, Joon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Ribosomal protein S3 (rpS3) is a 243 amino acid component of the 40S ribosomal small subunit. It has multiple roles in translation and extra-ribosomal functions like apoptosis and DNA repair. RpS3 is secreted only in cancer cell lines. Presently, mass spectrometry analysis revealed rpS3 to be glycosylated at the Asn165 residue. A point mutation at this residue decreased secretion of rpS3 in cancer cell lines. Secretion was also inhibited by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi transport inhibitor Brefeldin A and by Tunicamycin, an inhibitor of N-linked glycosylation. N-linked glycosylation of rpS3 was confirmed as necessary for rpS3 secretion into culture media via the ER-Golgi dependent pathway. RpS3 bound to Concanavalin A, a carbohydrate binding lectin protein, while treatment with peptide-N-glycosidase F shifted the secreted rpS3 to a lower molecular weight band. In addition, the N165G mutant of rpS3 displayed reduced secretion compared to the wild-type. An in vitro binding assay detected rpS3 homodimer formation via the N-terminal region (rpS3:1-85) and a middle region (rpS3:95-158). The results indicate that the Asn 165 residue of rpS3 is a critical site for N-linked glycosylation and passage through the ER-Golgi secretion pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80350-80362
Number of pages13
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by NRF-2015R1A2A1A 01009027 grant and Korea University Fellowship.


  • Glycosylation
  • Ribosomal protein S3
  • Ribosome
  • Secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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