Robotic thoracic surgery using the single-port robotic system: Initial experience with more than 100 cases

Jun Hee Lee, Tae Hyun Park, Hyun Koo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to report the initial experiences of 115 patients who underwent robotic thoracic surgery using the da Vinci single-port robotic surgical system (Intuitive Surgical). Methods: Robotic thoracic surgery using the da Vinci single-port robotic surgical system was performed on 115 patients between November 2020 and June 2023. Patient characteristics, intraoperative outcomes, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The type of surgeries included thymectomy, mediastinal mass excision, anatomical pulmonary resection (including lobectomy and segmentectomy), esophagectomy, and enucleation of esophageal submucosal tumors in 41, 13, 54, 5, and 2 patients, respectively. The mean total operative time and chest tube duration for different procedures were as follows: thymectomy, 152.9. ± 6.7 minutes and 1.2 ± 0.5 days; mediastinal mass excision, 93.3 ± 26.5 minutes and 1.0 ± 0 days; anatomical pulmonary resection, 187.2 ± 55.8 minutes and 2.5 ± 1.5 days; esophagectomy, 485 ± 111.9 minutes and 12 ± 4.6 days; and enucleation of esophageal submucosal tumors, 170 ± 30 minutes and 5.5 ± 0.5 days, respectively. Conversion to a thoracotomy or sternotomy was not required. Conversion to video-assisted thoracic surgery occurred in 1 patient, and an additional port was applied in 2 patients. Two patients experienced postoperative complications greater than grade IIIa. Conclusions: Robotic thoracic surgery using the da Vinci single-port robotic surgical system is feasible and safe in various fields of thoracic surgery, including complex procedures such as anatomical pulmonary resection and esophagectomy. More complex thoracic surgeries can be performed with the continuous advancement and innovation of instruments in robotic systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery

Keywords

  • robotic thoracic surgery
  • robotics
  • single-port
  • subcostal approach
  • subxiphoid approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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