Role of Nasal Fibroblasts in Airway Remodeling of Chronic Rhinosinusitis: The Modulating Functions Reexamined

Jae Min Shin, Hyun Woo Yang, Jae Hyung Park, Tae Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial inflammatory disease of the nose and sinuses that affects more than 10% of the adult population worldwide. Currently, CRS is classified into endotypes according to the inflammatory response (Th1, Th2, and Th17) or the distribution of immune cells in the mucosa (eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic). CRS induces mucosal tissue remodeling. Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation, fibrin deposition, edema, immune cell infiltration, and angiogenesis are observed in the stromal region. Conversely, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), goblet cell hyperplasia, and increased epithelial permeability, hyperplasia, and metaplasia are found in the epithelium. Fibroblasts synthesize collagen and ECM, which create a structural skeleton of tissue and play an important role in the wound-healing process. This review discusses recent knowledge regarding the modulation of tissue remodeling by nasal fibroblasts in CRS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4017
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2017R1A2B2003575 and NRF-2020R1A2C1006398); the Ministry of Science and ICT, Korea, under the ICT Creative Consilience program (IITP-2023-2020-0-01819), supervised by the Institute for Information and Communications Technology Planning and Evaluation (IITP); and the Korea Health Technology R&D Project (HI17C0387, HR22C1302) through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. This research was supported by a Korean University grant and a grant from the Korea University Medical Center and Anam Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Fibroblast
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • tissue remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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