Room-Temperature Metallic Fusion-Induced Layer-by-Layer Assembly for Highly Flexible Electrode Applications

Yongkwon Song, Donghee Kim, Sungkun Kang, Younji Ko, Jongkuk Ko, June Huh, Yongmin Ko, Seung Woo Lee, Jinhan Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


To fabricate flexible electrodes, conventional silver (Ag) nanomaterials have been deposited onto flexible substrates, but the formed electrodes display limited electrical conductivity due to residual bulky organic ligands, and thus postsintering processes are required to improve the electrical conductivity. Herein, an entirely different approach is introduced to produce highly flexible electrodes with bulk metal–like electrical conductivity: the room-temperature metallic fusion of multilayered silver nanoparticles (NPs). Synthesized tetraoctylammonium thiosulfate (TOAS)-stabilized Ag NPs are deposited onto flexible substrates by layer-by-layer assembly involving a perfect ligand-exchange reaction between bulky TOAS ligands and small tris(2-aminoethyl)amine linkers. The introduced small linkers substantially reduce the separation distance between neighboring Ag NPs. This shortened interparticle distance, combined with the low cohesive energy of Ag NPs, strongly induces metallic fusion between the close-packed Ag NPs at room temperature without additional treatments, resulting in a high electrical conductivity of ≈1.60 × 105 S cm−1 (bulk Ag: ≈6.30 × 105 S cm−1). Furthermore, depositing the TOAS–Ag NPs onto cellulose papers through this approach can convert the insulating substrates into highly flexible and conductive papers that can be used as 3D current collectors for energy-storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1806584
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 25

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Y.S. and D.K. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP; Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) (No. 2018R1A2A1A05019452).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • energy-storage electrodes
  • flexible electrodes
  • layer-by-layer assembly
  • room-temperature metallic fusion
  • tetraoctylammonium thiosulfate-stabilized silver nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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