Economically feasible photosynthetic cultivation of microalgal and cyanobacterial strains is crucial for the biological conversion of CO2 and potential CO2 mitigation to challenge global warming. To overcome the economic barriers, the production of value-added chemicals was desired by compensating for the overall processing cost. Here, we engineered cyanobacteria for photosynthetic squalene production and cultivated them in a scalable photobioreactor using industrial flue gas. First, an inducer-free gene expression system was developed for the cyanobacteria to lower production const. Then, the recombinant cyanobacteria were cultivated in a closed photobioreactor (100 L) using flue gas (5% CO2) as the sole carbon source under natural sunlight as the only energy source. Seasonal light intensities and temperatures were analyzed along with cyanobacterial cell growth and squalene production in August and October 2019. As a result, the effective irradiation hours were the most critical factor for the large-scale cultivation of cyanobacteria. Thus, an automated photobioprocess system will be developed based on the regional light sources.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Korea CCS R&D center (KCRC) (2017M1A8A1072034, 2014M1A8A1049278) through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT).
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- flue gas
- outdoor cultivation
- synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences