Scalable design of zinc-bromine battery in 3-dimensional honeycomb lattice for superior low-cost battery

Jin Seong Cha, Jae ik Lee, Noh Uk Seo, Dong Kook Kim, Yun Chan Kang, Jung Hoon Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Most of the existing redox flow batteries adopt 1-dimensionally stacked cells in which electrodes, flow frames, gaskets, and membranes are repeatedly stacked in one direction. However, these stacked cells suffer from system complexity, high cost, and insufficient cell performance. Herein, we suggest an attractive cell configuration with a 3-dimensional ceramic framework by adopting an industrially available cordierite honeycomb structure. We successfully demonstrate a zinc bromine battery (ZBB) with this 3-dimensional framework. Because the porous ceramic structure shows multi-functional characteristics as membranes and electrolyte channels as well as the cell housing, it does not require expensive membranes or flow frames, thus significantly reducing the stack manufacturing cost by about 64.5%. Furthermore, it shows superior behavior in terms of cell performance such as rate characteristics (>97% coulombic and >63% energy efficiencies at 60 mA/cm2), practical energy density (52 Wh/L), and cyclability over 500 cycles, compared to previous studies on ZBBs. By connecting more channels in serial or parallel mode, flexible scale-up is feasibly demonstrated without any performance degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number232243
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • Battery
  • Cell configuration
  • Ceramic
  • Honeycomb
  • Zinc bromine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Scalable design of zinc-bromine battery in 3-dimensional honeycomb lattice for superior low-cost battery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this