Scour-monitoring techniques for offshore foundations

Yong Hoon Byun, Kiwon Park, Jong Sub Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The scour induced by strong currents and wave action decreases the embedded length of monopiles and leads to a decrease of their structural stability. The objective of this study is the development and consideration of scour-monitoring techniques for offshore monopile foundations. Tests on physical models are carried out with a model monopile and geo-materials prepared in a cylindrical tank. A strain gauge, two coupled ultrasonic transducers, and ten electrodes are used for monitoring the scour. The naturalfrequency, ultrasonic reflection images, and electrical resistivity profiles are obtained at various scour depths. The experimental results show that the natural frequency of the model monopile decreases with an increase in the scour depth and that the ultrasonic reflection images clearly detect the scour shape and scour depth. In addition, the electrical resistivity decreases with an increase in scour depth. This study suggests that natural frequency measurement, ultrasonic reflection imaging, and electrical resistivity profiling may be used as effective tools to monitor the scour around an offshore monopile foundation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-681
Number of pages15
JournalSmart Structures and Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct


  • Electrical resistivity
  • Monopole
  • Natural frequency
  • Scour depth
  • Ultrasonic reflection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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